Merwedeplein is the housing complex where Anne Frank and her family lived before going into hiding in the annex. Anne Frank did mention Merwedeplein in her diary, but it was never a tourist attraction until a Frank family plaque was placed in front of the door where she was living (house number 37). On the western side of the square you will also find an approximately life-sized, bronze statue of Anne Frank. Visitors say that the best way to reach Merwedeplein is by taking tram number 4 from central station to the Waalstraat stop.  From there it is just a two minute walk to the Merwedeplein.

Anne Frank Monument

The Anne Frank statue stands as a tribute to Anne Frank, the young Jewish Dutch girl who was murdered by the Nazis during World War II. The statue is smaller than real life and depicts Anne Frank as a young woman standing proudly with her hands on her back.

Memorial Boards of the Soah Victims

In the following years of the Soah, the most important issues were restarting the religious and community life by the surviving Jewish community members in Hungary. Nevertheless, special emphasis was put on individual and collective grief and remembrance, which were eased by different kinds of memorial events and soon erected monuments. The memorial can be found in the entrance hall of the New Synagogue

House of The Wannsee Conference

The House of Wannsee Conference (Gedenkstätte Haus der Wannseekonferenz) is located on the Wannsee River, on the outskirts of West Berlin. This historical landmark was built in 1915 for Ernst Marlier, a prominent businessman. He was arrested in 1940 for embezzlement and sold his property. During the Nazi era, the Wannsee House came to be used by the SS Security Service, the Nazi intelligence service. It was at the villa that SS officers planned the future of the Third Reich. After the war, the house was used as a residence, until the August Bebel Institute acquired the building in 1947. It was then used as a school and hostel for the Berlin Social Democratic Party, until 1988 when it became the memorial site it is today.

Auschwitz survivor, Joseph Wulf, is really to thank for the inauguration of the Wannsee House as a memorial site. Mr. Wulf published the first comprehensive collection of documents from the Nazi regime, and suggested creating a documenter center in the Marlier villa. Although Wulf had wide public support, the Berlin Senate was slow to accept his proposal. Sadly, Joseph Wulf did not see his vision realized, as the man committed suicide in 1974.

The German Resistance Memorial Center

The German Resistance Memorial Center is located within the Bendlerblock building complex. The structure was the Wehrmacht’s headquarters during the war. Today, the museum is dedicated to remembering those Germans who resisted fascism and Hitler during World War II. Although there was no organized anti-fascist German resistance, close to 100,000 individuals were executed for their opposition to the Nazis.

The museum contains various exhibitions which chronicle the history of German opposition groups. There are also displays that document the activities of Germans who fled the regime and assisted the Allies during the war. Claus Philipp Schenk and other senior Wehrmacht Generals planned their assassination attempt of Adolf Hitler in the Bendlerblock. The attempt took place on July 20, 1944, but it failed and Hitler survived. Claus Philipp Schenk along and his co-conspirators were arrested and executed.