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JEWISH Barcelona

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Barcelona’s Jewish Community: One of Europe’s Oldest The stunning city of Barcelona is known for being one of the most beautiful cities in all of Europe. However, not many know that Barcelona the city is rich with Jewish history, culture, and heritage. On his visit to Barcelona in 1862, famed Danish author Hans Christen Anderson remarked that Barcelona was the “Paris of Spain.” True the city does seem to carry a joie-de-vivre of its own never running short on food, wine, music, history, or art. However Barcelona history began well before the time of Gaudi and Dali.  The city was settled over 2,000 years ago as a Roman colony called Barcino. So named for the Roman Emperor Augusta Faventia Paterna Barcino.  The settlement was used as an outpost and port for trading. This new economic opportunity came the city’s very first Jewish community. Early Catalonian Jewish History and Culture Jewish history in Barcelona is one of the oldest and most notable in the whole of Jewish Europe. From the time of ancient Rome until the Expulsion in 1492, the Jewish people of Catalan flourished both spiritually, intellectually, and economically. The community identity was so fervent that Barcelona’s Jews cultivated their own language called Catalanit. They occupied positions as doctors, merchants, and philosophers, and participating in some foundational moments in Jewish history such as the Barcelona Disputation of 1263.  This was the religious battle over the truth of the messiah. This famous fight was between Spanish Jewry’s staple sage Nachmanides and Friar Paul Christian. However the most important roles Jews played in terms of their value to the state was money lending.  During the end of the 7th century Barcelona’s Jewish community was the private financial resource of Catalonia’s sovereign courts because only Jews could legally lend money. Discrimination Against the Jewish People and WWII Despite the success and prosperity of the Jewish people there was a good deal of anti-Semitic persecution across the centuries. Long before the expulsion in 1492 Jews were subjected to pogroms, forced conversions, inquisitional torture, and cemetery vandalism.  Even today one can still find Jewish gravestones within the walls of a few cathedrals.  After Jews were expelled from Spain, Barcelona would not see a major growth in its Jewish community for four hundred years. Not until waves of Jewish refugees began making their way to Spain fleeing Nazi annihilation in Germany.  In 1918 there were 100 Jews living in Barcelona by 1935 that number increased to 5,000 individuals. Barcelona’s Jewish Community Returns From Exile Barcelona’s Jewish culture declined slightly with the Spanish Civil War. Yet over in the last few decades more and more Sephardic Jews have returned after centuries in exile from North Africa, Latin America, and the Middle East.  There are synagogues that serve different communities and traditions from Modern Orthodox to Reform Judaism.  There is also a kosher butcher and a Jewish day school that enrolls both Jewish and non-Jewish students. Rebuilding Jewish History in the “Call” Since the early 2000s there has been a significant community effort to commemorate and preserve the long Jewish history of Barcelona.  In 2001 a construction project unearthed 500 Jewish tombstones in what was once the medieval Jewish cemetery in Montjuic. This site also known as “Mountain of the Jews.”  In 2007, the mountain was recognized as a national heritage site.  The local Chabad house nestled in the famed Jewish quarter has been heavily involved in the preservation of the once buried traces of Catalonian Jewish culture.  What you can expect to find on your potential visit is a hidden history in almost every corner and street. The original Jewish quarter or the “Call” as it is commonly known forms part of what is now the Gothic Quarter and at one time housed 5,000 Jews.  It is also home to the Synagoga Major, one of Europe’s oldest synagogues dated to the third or fourth century. The synagogue is built on the ruins of an ancient Roman structure the foundations of which are visible today through glass flooring.  The building itself is very small, measuring only 60 square meters because in Medieval Spain a synagogue was never allowed to be taller or bigger than the smallest church in the city.  The Mind of the “Rashba” One can also view the former home of Rabbi Shlomo Ben Avraham Ibn Aderet, more commonly known as the Rashba.  Born in Barcelona in 1235 Ben Aderet became a successful banker in addition to the religious leader of Spanish Jewry designated as El Rab d’Espana.  He served as Rabbi at the Synagoga Major for 50 years until his death in 1310. Rashba was one of the most respected minds of his day, receiving inquiries on Jewish law from across Europe.  Many of his responsum were used in the authoring of one of Judaism’s most famous texts, the Shulkhan Arukh.  A City That Celebrates Jewish History and Modern Culture Other than archaeological sites and famous historical figures there are other ways Barcelona celebrates its historic Jewish community.  The Barcelona Film Festival has been the only one of its kind in the Iberian Peninsula since 1999.  The festival offers a broad range of films that are used to dismantle  prejudices inflicted on Jews and Jewish history. The colorful city of Catalonian culture dubbed the “Paris of Spain” could also be called the “Jerusalem of Spain” due to its established chapter of Jewish history.  For over 2,000 years Barcelona’s Jewish community has known success and loss, innovation and confrontation. Most importantly that story is being continued today through the reclamation and celebration of Jewish heritage.  Don’t wait too long to immerse yourself in the story. Explore Barcelona’s city page to plan your trip itinerary!

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Jewish Quarters

The old Jewish quarter of Barcelona, located in the city’s Gothic quarter. Although few vestiges remain, in the Centre d'Interpretació del Call visitors can get a good idea of what life was like for the Jewish community of Barcelona during the Middle Ages. The Call or Jewish Quarter forms part of what is now the Gothic Quarter. It was one of the city’s centres of culture in the Middle Ages and home to two synagogues. One of them, the Sinagoga Major, is one of Europe’s oldest, as it is believed to date back to the 6th century. The Jewish Quarter was home to schools, baths and hospitals, but now only a few houses are left standing. It was surrounded by two city walls on the limits of the old Roman settlement. The Jews, however, did not close themselves off from the rest of city as they had houses and workshops outside of these city walls. In the early 13th century the population had grown so much that the Call Menor, the smaller Jewish quarter, was created. Now practically nothing remains of it. The Call Major, the larger Jewish quarter, is home to the Sinagoga Major or Shlomo ben Aderet Synagogue, as it is also known, after the man who was the 13th-century leader of Catalan Judaism, the Rabbi of Barcelona and a banker to kings like James I (the Conqueror). It was the centre of Jewish life in the city until the start of the attacks on the community, the most serious of which, in 1391, ended with the death of 300 Jews. In the following years Jewish cemeteries and synagogues were destroyed and Jews were forced to convert to Christianity. Due to the expulsion decreed by the Catholic Monarchs in 1492, the quarter fell into decline and its buildings were converted. The Sinagoga Major became a dye works and the Sinagoga Menor was transformed into a Trinitarian convent, of which today only the parish church on Carrer de Ferran dedicated to Saint James remains.

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World Jewish Travel Official August 2, 2022

The Jewish Story of Barcelona, Spain

Barcelona’s Jewish Community: One of Europe’s Oldest The stunning city of Barcelona is known for being one of the most beautiful cities in all of Europe. However, not many know that Barcelona the city is rich with Jewish history, culture, and heritage. On his visit to Barcelona in 1862, famed Danish author Hans Christen Anderson remarked that Barcelona was the “Paris of Spain.” True the city does seem to carry a joie-de-vivre of its own never running short on food, wine, music, history, or art. However Barcelona history began well before the time of Gaudi and Dali.  The city was settled over 2,000 years ago as a Roman colony called Barcino. So named for the Roman Emperor Augusta Faventia Paterna Barcino.  The settlement was used as an outpost and port for trading. This new economic opportunity came the city’s very first Jewish community. Early Catalonian Jewish History and Culture Jewish history in Barcelona is one of the oldest and most notable in the whole of Jewish Europe. From the time of ancient Rome until the Expulsion in 1492, the Jewish people of Catalan flourished both spiritually, intellectually, and economically. The community identity was so fervent that Barcelona’s Jews cultivated their own language called Catalanit. They occupied positions as doctors, merchants, and philosophers, and participating in some foundational moments in Jewish history such as the Barcelona Disputation of 1263.  This was the religious battle over the truth of the messiah. This famous fight was between Spanish Jewry’s staple sage Nachmanides and Friar Paul Christian. However the most important roles Jews played in terms of their value to the state was money lending.  During the end of the 7th century Barcelona’s Jewish community was the private financial resource of Catalonia’s sovereign courts because only Jews could legally lend money. Discrimination Against the Jewish People and WWII Despite the success and prosperity of the Jewish people there was a good deal of anti-Semitic persecution across the centuries. Long before the expulsion in 1492 Jews were subjected to pogroms, forced conversions, inquisitional torture, and cemetery vandalism.  Even today one can still find Jewish gravestones within the walls of a few cathedrals.  After Jews were expelled from Spain, Barcelona would not see a major growth in its Jewish community for four hundred years. Not until waves of Jewish refugees began making their way to Spain fleeing Nazi annihilation in Germany.  In 1918 there were 100 Jews living in Barcelona by 1935 that number increased to 5,000 individuals. Barcelona’s Jewish Community Returns From Exile Barcelona’s Jewish culture declined slightly with the Spanish Civil War. Yet over in the last few decades more and more Sephardic Jews have returned after centuries in exile from North Africa, Latin America, and the Middle East.  There are synagogues that serve different communities and traditions from Modern Orthodox to Reform Judaism.  There is also a kosher butcher and a Jewish day school that enrolls both Jewish and non-Jewish students. Rebuilding Jewish History in the “Call” Since the early 2000s there has been a significant community effort to commemorate and preserve the long Jewish history of Barcelona.  In 2001 a construction project unearthed 500 Jewish tombstones in what was once the medieval Jewish cemetery in Montjuic. This site also known as “Mountain of the Jews.”  In 2007, the mountain was recognized as a national heritage site.  The local Chabad house nestled in the famed Jewish quarter has been heavily involved in the preservation of the once buried traces of Catalonian Jewish culture.  What you can expect to find on your potential visit is a hidden history in almost every corner and street. The original Jewish quarter or the “Call” as it is commonly known forms part of what is now the Gothic Quarter and at one time housed 5,000 Jews.  It is also home to the Synagoga Major, one of Europe’s oldest synagogues dated to the third or fourth century. The synagogue is built on the ruins of an ancient Roman structure the foundations of which are visible today through glass flooring.  The building itself is very small, measuring only 60 square meters because in Medieval Spain a synagogue was never allowed to be taller or bigger than the smallest church in the city.  The Mind of the “Rashba” One can also view the former home of Rabbi Shlomo Ben Avraham Ibn Aderet, more commonly known as the Rashba.  Born in Barcelona in 1235 Ben Aderet became a successful banker in addition to the religious leader of Spanish Jewry designated as El Rab d’Espana.  He served as Rabbi at the Synagoga Major for 50 years until his death in 1310. Rashba was one of the most respected minds of his day, receiving inquiries on Jewish law from across Europe.  Many of his responsum were used in the authoring of one of Judaism’s most famous texts, the Shulkhan Arukh.  A City That Celebrates Jewish History and Modern Culture Other than archaeological sites and famous historical figures there are other ways Barcelona celebrates its historic Jewish community.  The Barcelona Film Festival has been the only one of its kind in the Iberian Peninsula since 1999.  The festival offers a broad range of films that are used to dismantle  prejudices inflicted on Jews and Jewish history. The colorful city of Catalonian culture dubbed the “Paris of Spain” could also be called the “Jerusalem of Spain” due to its established chapter of Jewish history.  For over 2,000 years Barcelona’s Jewish community has known success and loss, innovation and confrontation. Most importantly that story is being continued today through the reclamation and celebration of Jewish heritage.  Don’t wait too long to immerse yourself in the story. Explore Barcelona’s city page to plan your trip itinerary!

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#JEWISHBARCELONA

Nos estamos preparando para uno de los días más importantes, significativos, y trascendentales de nuestro calendario: Yom Kippur.

Que el sublime sonido del shofar, las profundas plegarias, y la compañía de una kehilá unida en tefilá, espíritu y tradición nos permitan a todos ser inscritos y firmados en el libro de la vida. ❤️

➡️ ¿Queréis formar parte? Por favor, os pedimos enviar un email a [email protected] para asegurar vuestros asientos.

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#yomkipur #yomkippur #yomkippur2022 #shofar #shofarot #barcelonajudia #jewishbarcelona #kolnidre #kolnidrei #avinumalkeinu #neila masortiolami masortiamlat masortijudaism masorti_foundation betelmadrid
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Esta es la cara de felicidad y satisfacción al ver los resultados del enorme trabajo realizado a lo largo de unos meses tan duros en 2020 y 2021. En la foto con David Zev y Mark Simon periodistas del Jerusalem Post en la ruta privada Barcelona judía de Oh my guide!
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After many difficult months of hard work and no business this is my face showing happiness. With David Zev and Mark Simon journalists at Jerusalem Post presenting the Jewish Barcelona tour by Oh my guide!
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#barcelona #barcelonajudia #jewish #jewishbarcelona #barcelonajudia #rasgo #reddejuderiasdeespaña #barcelonajueva #jerusalempost jerusalem_post #privatebarcelona #privateguide #privatetoursbarcelona #tailormadetours #ohmyguide #ohmyguidebarcelona #privatetour #toursbylocals toursbylocals #tourprivado #historia #callbarcelona #juderías #viajar #traveler #israel #sefarad #edom #jewish #catalonia #cristinabelenguer
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Endulza la vida. Endulza el corazón. ¿Qué #postre te gusta más? ¿El tradicional #Babka #Israeli o el inmejorable #PieDeLimón? Ambos están disponibles en nuestro menú y, si quieres, te los podemos llevar los dos... ¡Date un gusto! Cuéntamos en comentarios tu favorito con un 🍋 o 🍫.

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Add some sweetness to your life! Which #dessert do you like the most? The traditional #IsraeliBabka or the unbeatable #LemonPie? Both of them are available in our menu, and if you want... we can take both of them directly to your dinner table... Treat yourself to something tasty! Tell us in comments which is your favorite one with a 🍋 or 🍫.

#comidaarabe #comidaisraeli #middleeastfood #FalafelBarcelona #HummusBarcelona #HumusBarcelona #BarcelonaGourmet #DeliveryBarcelona #ComidaEnCasa #ComidaInternacionalBarcelona #ShawarmaBarcelona #EventosCorporativosBarcelona #EventosCorporativosBCN #JewishBarcelona #BarcelonaJudía #ComidaKosher #ComidaKasher #KosherFood #nourriturecasher
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Barcelona has a rich Jewish history dating back to biblical times. Join us on April 21st at 12pm ET/9am PT to learn about this important Jewish community and medieval Jewish life. To register just tap the link in bio.⁠




#jewishhistory #jewishlearning #jewisheducation #jewishculture #jewishlife #jewishbarcelona #jewishcommunity #jewishevents #jewishworld⁠
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La #jalá es un #pan trenzado que se come en #Shabbat y en otras muchas festividades judías. Su significado y origen se remonta a una porción de pan que se les daba a los #cohanim (sacerdotes) en la época del templo de Jerusalem... hace miles de años. Hoy puedes encontrarla en diferentes tamaños y sabores, y estaremos felices de llevar este pan tradicional y ancestral para completar tu mesa de #Shabat.

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#ChallahBread is a special #braidedBread that jewish people eat during #Shabbat and other #JewishHolidays. Its originis go back to a portion of #bread that people use to give the #Cohanim (#priests) during the time of the Temple in Jerusalem... Thousands of years ago! Today you can find #challabread in different sizes and flavours, and we'll be delighted to take this traditional and ancient bread to complete your #ShabbatTable.

#ComidaÁrabe #ComidaIsraelí #ComidaDeMedioOriente #FalafelBarcelona #HummusBarcelona #HumusBarcelona #BarcelonaGourmet #DeliveryBarcelona #ComidaEnCasa #ComidaInternacionalBarcelona #ShawarmaBarcelona #EventosCorporativosBarcelona #EventosCorporativosBCN #JewishBarcelona #barcelonajudia #comidakosher #kosherfood
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#Repost toldotbarcelona
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Casa Adret. Nuestro lugar, pasión, historia. En el centro del Call, el barrio judío de Barcelona.

Cada vez que nos adentramos en su espacio nos sentimos afortunados 💫

#elcall #medieval #jewishquarter #judería #jewishbarcelona #jewishtours #mozaika #casaadret #lucky
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