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JEWISH Bukhara

Jewish city story of Bukhara

Bukhara is an ancient city in the central Asian country of Uzbekistan. It was a prominent stop on the Silk Road trade route between the East and the West, and a major medieval center for Islamic theology and culture. It still contains hundreds of well-preserved mosques, madrassas, bazaars and caravanserais, dating largely from the 9th to the 17th centuries. 

Though the community has decreased significantly over the years, the city of Jewish Bukhara once had a thriving Jewish population. The Bukharan Jews are considered one of the oldest ethno-religious groups of Central Asia and over the years they have developed their own distinct culture. Throughout the years, Jews from other Eastern countries such as Iraq, Iran, Yemen, Syria, and Morocco migrated into Central Asia (by way of the Silk Road).

While some Bukharan Jews relate their own ancestry to the period of the Assyrian captivity and exiles from the tribes...

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אתרים מומלצים Sites to see

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Bukhara Synagogue

The oldest part of the synagogue was called "Kanisa Mulla Mani", that is, the synagogue named after Mulla Mani. Mullah Mani is a venerable Jew who was a foreman in this synagogue in the 20s of the 20th century. Before the construction of the first synagogue, Jews prayed in the same room with Muslims in a mosque called "Mahak-i Attari." According to one version, Jews prayed with Muslims at the same time, but in different corners. According to another, Jews came there only at the end of Muslim prayers. This can explain the custom, which exists among Bukharian Jews, to end the morning prayer with the words "Shalom Aleihom." There is a version that the resettlement of Jews in the Jewish quarter is associated with the construction of a synagogue. Before the construction of the synagogue, Jews lived near today's Lyabi-Khauz, at a local Bazaar market. In an effort to concentrate around the prayer house, they gradually moved to this quarter, where a synagogue was built, so that not a single Jewish family remained in the Bazaar. According to another version, the Jews have been living in Jewish Mahallah since the time of their resettlement from the central regions of Persia. They say that this area was occupied by Muslims, and when it was empty, the quarters located here began to collapse, and the ruler of Bukhara gave this place to the Jews who came from Jerusalem in the interests of trade. The synagogue, in the Mahalli Kukhma quarter, with a 300-year history, was closed by the Soviet authorities in 1940. And only in 1945, at the insistent request of the population, the former building of the synagogue was returned to the Jewish community, which functions to this day. Image attribution: Adam Jones from Kelowna, BC, Canada, CC BY-SA 2.0 , via Wikimedia Commons

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קראו עוד בלוגים וספרים אלקטרוניים READ MORE BLOGS AND EBOOKS

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Summary
The historical Silk Road, stretching from Italy to China, has seen renewed interest in recent years. A new project aims to trace Jewish culture and history along the famous trade network, from Venice to Izmir and on to Uzbekistan, India and China.
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Summary
On March 30, 2022, Bukhara, Uzbekistan, hosted a Watch Day to honor the Traditional Bukharian Jewish Houses in the historic center. The event drew over 120 participants, including locals, researchers, heritage experts, and artisans. Notable attendees comprised regional and city officials, alongside national partners such as representatives from UNESCO, Bukhara State University, the Department of Cultural Heritage (Bukhara branch), and the City of Bukhara.
World Jewish Travel Official February 17, 2024

The Jewish Story of Bukhara, Uzbekistan

Bukhara is an ancient city in the central Asian country of Uzbekistan. It was a prominent stop on the Silk Road trade route between the East and the West, and a major medieval center for Islamic theology and culture. It still contains hundreds of well-preserved mosques, madrassas, bazaars and caravanserais, dating largely from the 9th to the 17th centuries. 

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Summary
Bukhara, a timeless gem in Uzbekistan, exudes history and culture. Its ancient streets, vibrant markets, and historic architecture tell tales of a bygone era. The city's rich traditions, vibrant people, and well-preserved sites make it a captivating destination for those seeking a glimpse into Central Asia's past.

Hotels in Bukhara

Hotels

Amelia Boutique Hotel

Amelia Boutique Hotel combines casual and luxury living, which reflects both its prime position inside of UNESCO heritage site area, and in walking distance to major sights of the city. Behind its 19th century gate, guests will discover an unexpected interior where new is blended with old to create a sober, sensual and luxurious atmosphere. Many of the building's historic details, such as original wall painting and wood carved ceilings are being carefully retained to ensure that this hotel loses none of its historic charm. This hotel's wonderful location is sure to make it a dream destination where travelers can't fail to be inspired by the magnificent views of the historic Minaret Kalon. Fully air conditioned and constructed in national style "Amelia Boutique Hotel" was Jewish merchant’s house which was build in 19th century and located near the synagogue. The house has 10 double rooms with king size beds. Also there are additional beds for children. And all rooms are traditional Bukharian style with national trimming. Each piece in our hotel made by hand by well-known workers and painters from Uzbekistan. The house also has a traditional yard with beautifully carved tall columns and charming "aivan", where during summer evenings Uzbek, Tajik, Russian or vegetarian cooking is arranged. Our family-run, owned and managed hotel offers a combination of traditional Bukharian style and atmosphere, with modern conveniences and personal attentive care. The hotel can arrange activities and excursions to suit each guest, enabling them to enjoy the area and discover the wonders in every corner of the city. "Amelia Boutique Hotel" with its unique architecture and decoration aims to provide an excellent service in a homey environment.

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