Sri Lanka, with its rich tapestry of history and diverse cultural heritage, also holds a fascinating chapter in Jewish history. While the Jewish community in Sri Lanka is relatively small today, its roots date back centuries, contributing to the multicultural fabric of the island. The earliest records of Jewish presence in Sri Lanka can be traced back to ancient times. According to historical accounts, Jewish merchants and traders from the Middle East, particularly from Yemen and Persia, established trade connections with Sri Lanka, then known as Ceylon. These Jewish traders played a significant role in the island's flourishing spice trade, contributing to the economic growth of the region. During the medieval period, Jews sought refuge in Sri Lanka as they faced persecution in other parts of the world. This influx of Jewish settlers brought about the establishment of vibrant Jewish communities in prominent coastal towns such as Colombo, Galle, and Trincomalee. These communities thrived and contributed to the cultural mosaic of the island. In the 16th century, during the Portuguese colonial era, the Jewish community faced challenges as the Portuguese implemented restrictive policies on non-Catholic religious practices. However, despite these difficulties, the Jewish community managed to maintain its identity and traditions. With the arrival of the Dutch in the 17th century, the situation for the Jewish community improved. The Dutch, known for their tolerance towards different religious groups, allowed the Jewish community to practice their faith freely. This period saw the construction of synagogues, including the iconic Jaffna Synagogue and the Colombo Synagogue. These synagogues served as centers of worship and community gatherings for Jews in Sri Lanka. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the Jewish community experienced a decline in numbers as many families emigrated to other countries in search of better economic opportunities. However, a small but resilient Jewish community remains in Sri Lanka today, preserving their unique traditions and customs. Visitors interested in exploring the Jewish history of Sri Lanka can visit the historic synagogues in Colombo and Jaffna, which provide glimpses into the community's past. These architectural gems are a testament to the enduring legacy of the Jewish community on the island. While the Jewish population in Sri Lanka may be small, the historical significance of their presence adds depth to the cultural diversity of the country. Sri Lanka stands as a testament to the harmonious coexistence of different religious and cultural groups throughout its long history. In 2005, Chabad established a Chabad House in Sri Lanka. The House is now located in Colombo and serves the Jewish expat community, businesspeople, and (of course) Israeli travelers. Its services include a synagogue, mikvah, library, kosher restaurant, and a dormitory. Alos Read: https://www.historyofceylontea.com/ceylon-publications/ceylon-tea-articles/jews-of-sri-lanka-an-untold-story.html Find Sri Lanka Kosher Holiday https://elephanttravels.com/sri-lanka-kosher-holidays/ Remark: Unfortunately, I was unable to find specific proof or references regarding the Jaffna Kodesh Synagogue. It is possible that detailed information about this particular synagogue may not be readily available online or in the provided sources. However, the existence of the Jaffna Synagogue is mentioned in various articles and sources discussing the Jewish history of Sri Lanka. The synagogue serves as a significant symbol of the Jewish community's presence in Jaffna.