Harbin Museum of Jewish History and Culture is a museum commemorating the Jewish diaspora in Harbin, China from early 1900s to 1950s. It is located at the former site of the New Synagogue of Harbin (哈尔滨犹太新会堂). The museum features documents, photographs, films, and personal items documenting the lives of some of the more than 20,000 Jewish residents in Harbin. The first floor of the museum shows photographs, paintings of several buildings in Harbin constructed by Jews in the first half of the 20th century. The exhibitions on the second and third floors present education, industry, art and music of Jews in Harbin.