The Randegg Memorial

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SITE OVERVIEW
In Jewish cemeteries, there is a long tradition of erecting monuments for war heroes. Hence, monuments were also raised for the victims of the Holocaust in the Jewish cemetery of Szeged. Besides, it is also a Hungarian tradition to include the names of the heroes as well as those killed in the Holocaust on the family’s tombstone.
GENERAL
The largest monument of Holocaust victims in the cemetery is the Randegg Memorial, the final resting place of 99 Jews from Szeged and Hódmezővásárhely who were murdered in Randegg, Austria. On 15 April 1945, 99 Jewish forced labourers of the cement factory and quarry were murdered in Randegg while marching from the camps of Stangental bei Lilienfeld and Kerschenbach bei St. Veit and der Gölsen to the Mauthausen concentration camp. However, there was a survivor, Adolf Glück, who fainted from the shot, but managed to dig himself out the next day from underneath the corpses of children and elderly who fell on him. After recovering from his wounds, he was able to show the location of the mass grave with the bodies of his fellows, including his wife and daughter. Corpses from Randegg were reburied in Szeged in 1947. To commemorate the tragic death of the deported, a joint grave and a stone stele were erected. To the left of the stele a plaque commemorates those Jews who died in forced labour services. To the right of the Randegg grave, a special memorial is located on the eastern side of the cemetery where damaged Torah rolls were buried which were no longer suitable for prayer as well as a soap, which was made from the bodies of Jews killed in death camps. Separate memorial places are dedicated to the unknown victims killed in the local brick factory as well for those 32 people who were taken and killed from the surrounding areas of Szeged.
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