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JEWISH Cordoba

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Situated on a river and fertile farming land, Cordoba has a diverse and varied history of both Muslim and Christian rule which can be seen in the amazing architecture or churches and mosques alike. Cordoba is also home to the Alcazar de los Reyes Cristianos, the palace of King Ferdinand and Isabella - the palace where Christopher Colombus bid farewell before sailing to the Americas and the main tribunals of the Spanish Inquisition. Cordoba's inns are also mentioned in Don Quixote. Famous personalities: Abraham ibn Daud (1110-1180) Abraham ibn Ezra (1089-1167) Isaac Al-Fasi (1013-1103) Hasday ibn Shaprut (910-975) Moses ben Maimon, Maimonides (03/30/1135 - 12/13/1204) Judah Halevi  (1070-1141)

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Cordoba Synagogue

The Córdoba synagogue is a historic edifice in the Jewish Quarter of Córdoba, Spain, built in 1315. The synagogue's small size points to it having possibly been the private synagogue of a wealthy man. It is also possible that Córdoba's complex of buildings was a yeshivah, kollel, or study hall. Another possibility is that this was the synagogue of a trade guild, which converted a residence or one of the work rooms into the synagogue. The synagogue was decorated according to the best Mudejar tradition.   After the expulsion of the Jews in 1492, the synagogue was seized by the authorities and converted into a hospital for people suffering from rabies (hydrophobia), the Hospital Santo Quiteria. In 1588, the building was acquired by the shoemakers guild, who used it as a community center and small chapel, changing the patron saint of the building to Santos Crispin-Crispian, the patron saint of shoemakers. It was declared a National Monument in 1885.   Since then it has undergone several phases of the restoration including that of Felix Hernandez in 1929. In 1935, the Spanish authorities marked the eight-hundredth anniversary of Maimonides' birth by changing the name of the square in which the synagogue is located to Tiberias Square, honoring the great native-born philosopher, who is buried in Tiberias. At this celebration the first Jewish prayer service in 443 years to occur openly and with full knowledge of the authorities was held at the synagogue. Another restoration was begun in 1977 for the reopening of the building in 1985 to celebrate the 850th anniversary of Maimonides birth. It is the only synagogue in Córdoba to escape destruction during years of persecution. Although clearly no longer functioning as a house of worship, it is open to the public.

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