Montjuïc is a hill in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. It is translated as “Jew Mountain” in medieval Catalan. It is believed to have this name because of Jewish settlements and a Jewish cemetery which were once there. Because of the mountain’s strategic location on the Mediterranean and alongside the Llobregat River, this region became the perfect location for the city of Barcelona to develop.
There is evidence of the Jewish cemetery of Barcelona since the eleventh century. In 1391, with the attack on the Call of Barcelona, several tombstones were looted to be sold, and it was not until the 20th century that architectural remains were found again. Thus, in 1945, 171 graves were found after the construction of some pavilions in the area, and in 2001 an excavation uncovered 557 tombs and a tombstone.